Ideal Brew Temperature and Time
Coffee Brewing Time and Temperature
Extraction is the process of drawing out the soluble material in roasted and ground coffee. For optimal extraction, coffee must be brewed using water heated to within a specific temperature range and within a specified time period. As coffee is brewed in hot water, hundreds of unique compounds are extracted from the ground beans. Both factors, time and temperature, will vary slightly depending on the brewer and/or brewing method you use.
The ideal brewing temperature for optimal extraction is 195°F - 205°F. Just-boiled water, taken directly off heat and held for approximately 30 seconds, can fall within that range but won’t be exact.
Water that’s too hot can damage the essential flavors of ground coffee and result in metallic and sharp flavors. Water that’s too cool can result in sour, under-extracted and overly bitter flavors.
Ideal water temperature is vital in coffee brewing, so be sure to know the heating specification of your coffee brewers and water heating devices.
While ideal brewing time varies based on brewer type, the majority of brewing methods take between two and six minutes from start to finish. Extending or reducing the brew time can contribute to various flavor preferences based on testing and total extraction.
Listed below is a guide that generally provides ideal brewing times.
|Brewing Device Ideal Time (varies with yield size)|
|French Press||4:00 minutes|
|Hourglass||3:30 – 6:00 minutes|
|Pour-Over||3:00 – 4:00 minutes|
|Immersion||3:30 – 4:00 minutes|
If your brews are running too short, long or something isn’t tasting quite right, we recommend maintaining the right brew ratio, and making grind setting adjustments to improve the speed of extraction. See Grinds section.